A reform of the Benedictines, which grew out of the abbey of Cluny, in Burgundy, in 910. The Cluniacs' organisation was more centralised than the Benedictines': daughter-houses, established as priories, remained dependent upon the mother-house, whose *abbot had control over all other foundations. This arrangement allowed for uniformity both of practice and observance. Cluniacs used a more elaborate ritual than did the Benedictines, and their architectural ornamentation was distinctly lavish; even their vestments were more expensive than those of other orders. St Bernard, a *Cistercian, said of them, 'Oh ye professors of poverty, what does gold do in a holy place?' Learning and scholarship was the centre of their way, rather than labour in the fields. Their first English house was founded at Lewes in 1077. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Cluny — Cluny …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • CLUNY — (Heb. קלינו), town near Mâcon, central France. Although there were no Jews residing in medieval Cluny, those living in the region, notably in Chalon sur Saône , had transactions with the famous abbey of Cluny, lending money to it to ensure the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cluny —    CLUNY, a parish, in the district of Kincardine O Neil, county of Aberdeen, 15 miles (W. by N.) from Aberdeen; containing 959 inhabitants. The name of this place, signifying, in Gaelic, meadows interspersed with rising grounds, is descriptive… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Cluny — (Clugny, spr. klünnih), Stadt im franz. Dep. Saône et Loire, (1901) 4108 E. Im Mittelalter berühmte Benediktinerabtei (910 gestiftet), wo die Kongregation der Kluniazenser entstand, welche die Regeneration der Kirche begann; von der Franz.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cluny — (izg. klinȉ) m DEFINICIJA 1. pariški muzej umjetnina i obrta srednjeg vijeka i renesanse u nekadašnjoj palači opata iz Clunyja (kraj 15. st.), poznat po zbirci tapiserija (Gospoja s jednorogom) 2. a. grad u srednjoj Francuskoj, S od Lyona, 4.700… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Cluny — [klo͞o′nē; ] Fr [ klü nē′] town in EC France: site of a Benedictine monastery (910 1790): pop. 5,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Cluny — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cluny peut faire référence à : Toponymes Cluny, une commune française de Saône et Loire, Vitry lès Cluny, une commune française de Saône et Loire, L… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cluny — This article is about the town and commune of Cluny. For the abbey of Cluny, see Cluny Abbey . For other uses, see Cluny (disambiguation). Cluny …   Wikipedia

  • Cluny — I Cluny   Die Gründung des Klosters Cluny (910) fiel insofern aus dem damals üblichen Rahmen, als der Gründer, Herzog Wilhelm III. von Aquitanien, auf sämtliche Rechte als Eigenkirchenherr verzichtete und die Abtei dem unmittelbaren Schutz des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cluny — /klooh nee/; Fr. /klyuu nee /, n. a town in E France, N of Lyons: ruins of a Benedictine abbey. 4000. * * * Monastery founded in 910 by William the Pious, duke of Aquitaine. Established as a pious donation for the cure of the souls of the duke… …   Universalium

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